Thermodynamics Research Center, ThermoML : Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data

Phase Diagram of AlCl3-FeCl3-H2O(-HCl) Salt Water System at 298.15 K and Its Application in the Crystallization of AlCl3*6H2O

Cheng, H.[Huaigang], Wu, L.[Lixiang], Cao, L.[Liqiong], Zhao, J.[Jing], Xue, F.[Fangbin], Cheng, F.[Fangqin]
J. Chem. Eng. Data 2019, 64, 12, 5089-5094
ABSTRACT
Aluminum-ferric separation has attracted significant interest the field of hydrometallurgy. Using phase equilibria theory, fractional crystallization and separation of a mixed salt solution is a relatively effective method. The phase equilibria of the ternary system or tertiary system AlCl3-FeCl3!VH2O(!VHCl) at 298.15 K for different H+ concentration was studied using the isothermal dissolution equilibrium method, and plotted the corresponding phase diagrams and density diagrams. The experimental results show that with increasing H+ concentration, the solubility of AlCl3 decreased from 31.20% to 0.13%, and the crystallization region of AlCl3!E6H2O gradually increased. H+ concentration had little influence on FeCl3 solubility, and the solubility of FeCl3 was 47.52%. Through theoretical calculations, the desired amount of water to evaporate and crystal precipitation can be obtained through the calculation model for the system composed of different materials. The route is designed by the phase equilibrium and the phase diagram theory, and separating of aluminum and ferric from aluminate acid leaching solution of coal gangue in literature. The direct yield of AlCl3!E6H2O obtained by evaporation crystallization was 77.15%, and the purity reached 99.81% after rinsing with concentrated hydrochloric acid.
Compounds
# Formula Name
1 AlCl3 aluminum chloride
2 Cl3Fe ferric chloride
3 H2O water
4 ClH hydrogen chloride
Datasets
The table above is generated from the ThermoML associated json file (link above). POMD and RXND refer to PureOrMixture and Reaction Datasets. The compound numbers are included in properties, variables, and phases, if specificied; the numbers refer to the table of compounds on the left.
Type Compound-# Property Variable Constraint Phase Method #Points
  • POMD
  • 1
  • 4
  • 3
  • Mass fraction - 1 ; Liquid
  • Solvent: Molality, mol/kg - 4; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • Crystal of intercomponent compound 1
  • spectroscopy
  • 8
  • POMD
  • 1
  • 4
  • 3
  • Mass density, kg/m3 ; Liquid
  • Solvent: Molality, mol/kg - 4; Liquid
  • Mass fraction - 1; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • Pycnometric method
  • 3
  • POMD
  • 2
  • 4
  • 3
  • Mass fraction - 2 ; Liquid
  • Solvent: Amount concentration (molarity), mol/dm3 - 4; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • Crystal of intercomponent compound 1
  • spectroscopy
  • 8
  • POMD
  • 2
  • 4
  • 3
  • Mass density, kg/m3 ; Liquid
  • Solvent: Amount concentration (molarity), mol/dm3 - 4; Liquid
  • Mass fraction - 2; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • Pycnometric method
  • 3
  • POMD
  • 1
  • 3
  • Mass fraction - 1 ; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • Crystal of intercomponent compound 1
  • spectroscopy
  • 1
  • POMD
  • 2
  • 3
  • Mass fraction - 2 ; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • Crystal of intercomponent compound 1
  • spectroscopy
  • 1