Thermodynamics Research Center / ThermoML | Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data

Comprehensive Thermochemical Study of Cyclic Five- and Six-Membered N,N'-Thioureas

Silva, A. L. R.[Ana L.R.], Ribeiro da Silva, M. D. M. C.[Maria D.M.C.]
J. Chem. Eng. Data 2017, 62, 9, 2584-2591
An experimental and computational study of the thermochemical and structural properties of ethylenethiourea (ETU) has been carried out. The enthalpies of combustion and sublimation, measured respectively by rotating-bomb combustion calorimetry and Calvet microcalorimetry, yielded the gas-phase enthalpy of formation of ETU at T = 298.15 K. This latter parameter was also derived from high-level molecular orbital calculations at the G3(MP2)//B3LYP level of theory, leading to a value in excellent agreement with the one obtained from experimental data. With the purpose of evaluating the influence of the ring size in the enthalpy of formation of cyclic N,N'-thiourea derivatives, the calculation of the enthalpy of formation of N,N'-trimethylenethiourea (MTU) was performed using the G3(MP2)//B3LYP approach. The effects of substituents (carbonyl and thiocarbonyl) on the molecular stability of several N-alkyl (cyclic) ureas/thioureas were also studied.
# Formula Name
1 H2O4S sulfuric acid
2 CO2 carbon dioxide
3 N2 nitrogen
4 H2O water
5 O2 oxygen
6 C3H6N2S imidazolidine-2-thione
The table above is generated from the ThermoML associated json file (link above). POMD and RXND refer to PureOrMixture and Reaction Datasets. The compound numbers are included in properties, variables, and phases, if specificied; the numbers refer to the table of compounds on the left.
Type Compound-# Property Variable Constraint Phase Method #Points
  • POMD
  • 6
  • Molar enthalpy of vaporization or sublimation, kJ/mol ; Crystal
  • Temperature, K; Crystal
  • Crystal
  • Gas
  • Static calorimetry
  • 1
  • RXND
  • 6
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • Specific internal energy of reaction at constant volume, J/g
  • Rotating bomb calorimetry
  • 1