Thermodynamics Research Center / ThermoML | International Journal of Thermophysics

Measurements of the Thermal Conductivity of Molten Lead Using a New Transient Hot-Wire Sensor

Bilek, J.[Jaromir], Atkinson, J.[John], Wakeham, W.[William]
Int. J. Thermophys. 2007, 28, 2, 496-505
The paper reports new measurements of the thermal conductivity of molten lead at temperatures from 600 to 750 K. The measurements have been carried out with an updated version of a modified transient hot-wire (THW) method, where the hot-wire sensor is embedded within an insulating substrate with a planar geometry. However, unlike previous sensors of the same type, the updated sensor works with the hot-wire divided into three thermally isolated parts. The operation of this sensor has been modeled theoretically using a finite-element (FE) analysis and has subsequently been confirmed by direct observation. The new sensor is demonstrated to have a higher sensitivity and a better signal-to-noise ratio than earlier sensors. Molten lead is used as the test fluid. It has the lowest thermal conductivity of any material we have yet studied. This allows us to probe the limits of our sensor system for the thermal conductivity of high-temperature melts. It is estimated that the uncertainty of the measurements is 3% over the temperature range studied. The results are used to examine the application of the Wiedemann Franz (W-F) relationship.
# Formula Name
1 Pb lead
The table above is generated from the ThermoML associated json file (link above). POMD and RXND refer to PureOrMixture and Reaction Datasets. The compound numbers are included in properties, variables, and phases, if specificied; the numbers refer to the table of compounds on the left.
Type Compound-# Property Variable Constraint Phase Method #Points
  • POMD
  • 1
  • Thermal conductivity, W/m/K ; Liquid
  • Temperature, K; Liquid
  • Pressure, kPa; Liquid
  • Liquid
  • HOTW:elcondl
  • 3